Superficial Thrombophlebitis: Signs Causes And Treatment

Superficial thrombophlebitis refers to an infection of the veins. You may have it due to a blood clot present just below the surface of the skin. It usually occurs in the legs, but can also be found  in the arms and neck. Anyone can develop superficial thrombophlebitis, but females are at more risk of developing it than males.

It is common for hospital patients to suffer from blood clots and VTE after receiving medical treatment. Click here

How does superficial thrombophlebitis affect?

Anyone can get superficial thrombophlebitis. More likely to develop the condition are people who:

Are more than 60 years of age.

Are pregnant or recently gave birth.

Recently I had a surgical operation.

Have cancer, heart failure, or respiratory failure.

Have obesity.

Have varicose veins or venous disease.

Smoke or vape.

Signs and symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis

These include the following:


Purple or discolored pores and skin.

Swelling (including unexpected swelling)

Heat or hot skin.

It is best to discuss with a best vascular surgeon if you find any of the above-mentioned symptoms. It would help you initiate a treatment plan and prevent further complications.


The following conditions can form a clot in your blood:

An injury to a vein

An inherited blood-clotting disorder

The inability to move for an extended period of time, such as when injured or incarcerated.

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Risk factors

Your risk of thrombophlebitis might increase in case you:

Are inactive for an extended period, both because you’re limited to bed or you’re traveling .

Have varicose veins, a regular cause of superficial thrombophlebitis.

A pacemaker or a tiny, bendy tube (catheter) inserted into a major vein.

Are pregnant or have just given birth.

Use birth control pills or hormone replacement remedies, which could make your blood more likely to clot.

Have a family history of a blood-clotting ailment.

Have had previous episodes of thrombophlebitis.

Have had a stroke.

Are older than 60.

If you have one or more chance elements, discuss prevention strategies together with your health practitioner before taking long flights or road trips, or in case you’re planning to have elective surgical treatment, recovery from which will require you not to move much.

Diagnosis and tests

If your physician suspects you have a superficial blood clot, you may be subjected to  one or more of these checks:

Ultrasound: During an ultrasound, sound waves are used to measure the blood flow through your veins and detect any blood clots.

Venogram: To identify blood clots and produce an x-ray image of your veins, an x-ray is taken.

CT or MRI scans: It provides images of the inside of the body, such as the veins.

Blood tests: Your blood can be tested for an inherited blood clotting disorder. it may additionally be examined for a substance referred to as D-dimer, which is generally found in patients with blood clots. if you don’t have it, your signs and symptoms are probably not resulting from a blood clot.


Superficial venous thrombosis needs to be treated properly. The goal of the remedy is to prevent the blood clot from getting larger, or forming a DVT and turning into an embolism (breaking off and traveling toward the lungs).

The treatment also seeks to prevent your body from forming additional blood clots. Your treatment may also consist of some or all these:

Blood thinner medications: These drugs (also known as anticoagulants) decrease blood’s capacity to form clots. They can’t break up clots you already got, however, they could prevent them from getting bigger. They also help prevent new clots from developing. They’re typically taken for at least three months.

Clot busters: Those medicinal drugs (also known as thrombolytics) are given to break up blood clots. Because they could cause intense bleeding, they’re most effective in very critical situations.

Filters: In case you can’t take medications, you could have a small filter inserted into a large vein within the stomach referred to as the vena cava. If a blood clot breaks off, this will reduce the risk of it traveling to the lungs.

Compression stockings: These can lessen the swelling that occurs after a blood clot forms on your leg. The stockings are tighter near the ankle and looser near the pinnacle. This prevents your blood from pooling and clotting.

Self-care: Your physician might also recommend that you: Elevate your leg. Apply a heating pad for 20 mins every 2 hours. Keep walking, do physical work, and do lifting to a minimum.


Sitting down for long periods of time on a plane or car ride can cause your calves and ankles to become swollen, which can increase your chance of contracting thrombophlebitis. To help prevent a blood clot:

Take a walk: In case you’re flying or using a train or bus, stroll up and down the aisle once an hour or so. if you’re driving, stop each hour or so and move around.

Circulate your legs often: Flex your ankles or gently press your toes into the ground or the footrest to your left for at minimum 10 repetitions per hour.

Drink: plenty of water.


For superficial thrombophlebitis blood clot can form inside a vein underneath the skin. The situation causes irritation, ache, redness, and swelling. You can manage it with simple lifestyle changes and with a healthy diet, Contact a top vascular surgeon to deal with these conditions. He may advise strategies to manage aches and irritations with elevation, compression, and nonsteroidal pills. The situation normally resolves in a few weeks.

Can superficial thrombosis spread?

Sometimes superficial thrombophlebitis spreads to a deeper vein (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT). These deeper clots may be serious, even life-threatening. You must follow your doctor’s instructions, keep all follow-up appointments.

How do you treat a superficial blood clot at home?

Use an icy washcloth for applying heat on the affected region several times a day. Keep your leg straight when sitting and lying on your back.

Can a superficial blood clot come back?

You can develop superficial thrombophlebitis if you have varicose veins. The condition is also more likely to return (recur) if you have varicose veins.

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